Refereed Articles

Deuchar, R., Harding, S. McLean, R., & Densley, J. (in press). Deficit or credit? A comparative, qualitative study of gender agency and female gang membership in Los Angeles and Glasgow. Crime & Delinquency. 

Peterson, J. & Densley, J. (in press). Is Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training evidence-based practice? A systematic review. Journal of Crime and Justicedoi: 10.1080/0735648X.2018.1484303.

McLean, R., Deuchar, R., Harding, S. & Densley, J. (in press). Putting the ‘street’ in gang: Place and space in the organization of Scotland’s drug selling gangs. The British Journal of Criminologydoi: 10.1093/bjc/azy015

Van Hellemont, E. & Densley, J. (in press). Gang glocalisation: How a global mediascape creates and shapes local gang realities. Crime, Media, Culture. doi: 10.1177/1741659018760107.

Densley, J. & Pyrooz, D. (in press). A signaling perspective on disengagement from gangs. Justice Quarterly. doi: 10.1080/07418825.2017.1357743.

Lauger, T. & Densley, J. (in press). Broadcasting badness: Violence, identity, and performance in the online gang rap scene. Justice Quarterly. doi: 10.1080/07418825.2017.1341542.

Eckberg, D., Densley, J. & Dexter, K. (2018). When legend becomes fact, tweet the legend: Information and misinformation in the age of social media. Journal of Behavioral and Social Sciences, 5(3).

Densley, J., McLean, R., Deuchar, R. & Harding, S. (2018). An altered state? Emergent changes to illicit drug markets and distribution networks in Scotland. International Journal of Drug Policy, 58, 113–120. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​drugpo.​2018.​05.​011.

Johnson, A. & Densley, J. (2018). Rio’s new social order: How religion signals disengagement from prison gangs. Qualitative Sociology, 41(2), 243–262. doi: 10.1007/s11133-018-9379-x.

Pyrooz, D. & Densley, J. (2018). On public protest, violence, and street gangs. Society, 55(3), 229–236. doi: 10.1007/s12115-018-0242-1.

McLean, R., Densley, J., & Deuchar, R. (2018). Situating gangs within Scotland’s illegal drugs market(s). Trends in Organized Crime, 21(2), 147–171. doi: 10.1007/s12117-017-9328-1.

Densley, J. & Peterson, J. (2018). Group aggression. Current Opinion in Psychology, 19, 43–48. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.031.

Densley, J. (2018). The path less traveled: Path analysis and the psychology of gang members. SAGE Research Methods Cases, 2. doi: 10.4135/9781526431660.

Densley, J., Hilal, S., Li, S., & Tang, W. (2017). Homicide-suicide in China: An exploratory study of characteristics and types. Asian Journal of Criminology, 12(3), 199–216. doi: 10.1007/s11417-016-9238-1.

Storrod, M. & Densley, J. (2017). ‘Going viral’ and ‘Going country’: The expressive and instrumental activities of street gangs on social media. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(6), 677–696. doi: 10.1080/13676261.2016.1260694.

Hilal, S., Densley, J. & Jones, D. (2017). A signaling theory of law enforcement hiring. Policing & Society, 27(5), 508–524. doi: 10.1080/10439463.2015.1081388.

Peterson, J. & Densley, J. (2017). Cyber violence: What do we know and where do we go from here? Aggression and Violent Behavior, 34, 193–200. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.012.

Whittaker, G., Norton, J., Densley, J., & Bew, D. (2017). Epidemiology of penetrating injuries in the United Kingdom: A systematic review. International Journal of Surgery, 41, 65–69. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.03.051.

Densley, J., Adler, J., Zhu, L. & Lambine, M. (2017). Growing Against Gangs and Violence: Findings from a process and outcome evaluation. Psychology of Violence, 7(2), 242–252. doi: 10.1037/vio0000054.

Densley, J. (2016). 帮派中的性暴力和性剥削 [Sexual violence and child exploitation in street gangs; translation by Ni Fe]. 青少年犯罪问题 [Issues on Juvenile Crime and Delinquency], 35(3), 114–120. doi: CLI.A.1213760.

Pyrooz, D. & Densley, J. (2016). Selection into street gangs: Signaling theory, gang membership, and criminal offending. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53(4), 447–481. doi: 10.1177/0022427815619462.

Grund, T. & Densley, J. (2015). Ethnic homophily and triad closure: Mapping internal gang structure using exponential random graph models. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 31(3), 354–370. doi: 10.1177/1043986214553377.

Densley, J. & Stevens, A. (2015). ‘We'll show you gang’: The subterranean structuration of gang life in London. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 15(1), 102–120. doi: 10.1177/1748895814522079.

Densley, J., Cai, T. & Hilal, S. (2014). Social dominance orientation and trust propensity in street gangs. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 17(6), 763–779. doi: 10.1177/1368430214533161.

Densley, J. (2014). It’s gang life, but not as we know it: The evolution of gang business. Crime & Delinquency, 60(4), 517–546. doi: 10.1177/0011128712437912.

Hilal, S., Densley, J., Li, S. & Ma, Y. (2014). The routine of mass murder in China. Homicide Studies, 18(1), 83–104. doi: 10.1177/1088767913505092.

Hilal, S., Densley, J. & Zhao, R. (2013). Cops in college: Police officers’ perceptions of formal education. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 24(4), 461–477. doi: 10.1080/10511253.2013.791332.

Densley, J. (2012). Street gang recruitment: Signaling, screening and selection. Social Problems, 59(3), 301–321. doi: 10.1525/sp.2012.59.3.301.

Grund, T. & Densley, J. (2012). Ethnic heterogeneity in the activity and structure of a black street gang. European Journal of Criminology, 9(4), 388–406. doi: 10.1177/1477370812447738.

Densley, J. (2012). The organisation of London’s street gangs. Global Crime, 13(1), 42–64. doi: 10.1080/17440572.2011.632497.

Densley, J. (2011). Ganging up on gangs: Why the gang intervention industry needs an intervention. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 13(1), 12–23. doi: 10.5042/bjfp.2011.0046.

Bumgarner, J., Hilal, S., & Densley, J. (2016). Minnesota’s criminal justice system. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Densley, J. (2013). How gangs work: An ethnography of youth violence. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [Reprinted 2015]


Densley, J. & Peterson, J. (2017). Gun violence in America. St. Paul, MN: The Violence Project LLC.

Book Chapters

Densley, J. (in press). Gang joining. In Pontell, H. (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.013.437.

Densley, J. (2018). 'A citadel of crime': St. Paul, Minnesota, and the O’Connor system. In J. Windle, J. Morrison, A. Winter, & A. Silke (Eds.), Historical perspectives on organised crime and terrorism (pp. 17–36). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Irwin-Rogers, K., Densley, J. & Pinkney, C. (2018). Gang violence and social media. In J. L. Ireland, P. Birch, & C. A. Ireland (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook of human aggression: Current issues and perspectives (pp. 400–410). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Densley, J. (2017). Street gangs. In J. Stein (Ed.), Reference module in neuroscience and biobehavioral psychology (pp. 1–11). Oxford: Elsevier.

Densley, J. & Peterson, J. (2016). Aggression between social groups. In B. J. Bushman (Ed.), Aggression and violence: A social psychological perspective (pp. 275–289)New York: Routledge.

Densley, J. & Jones, D. (2016). Pulling levers on gang violence in London and St. Paul. In C. Maxson & F-A. Esbensen (Eds.), Gang transitions and transformations in an international context (pp. 291–305). Switzerland: Springer.

Densley, J. (2015). Joining the gang: A process of supply and demand. In S.H. Decker & D.C. Pyrooz (Eds.), The handbook of gangs (pp. 235–256). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Densley, J., Davis, A. & Mason, N. (2013). Girls and gangs: Preventing multiple perpetrator rape. In M. Horvath & J. Woodhams (Eds.), Handbook on the study of multiple perpetrator rape (pp. 255–281). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Book Reviews

Densley, J. (2016). Review of the book The history of street gangs in the United States: Their origins and transformations, by J. C. Howell. Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books, 6(1).

Densley, J. (2015). Review of the book The social order of the underworld: How prison gangs govern the American penal system, by D. Skarbek. Global Crime, 16(2), 162–165. doi: 10.1080/17440572.2014.999453.

Densley, J. (2014). Review of the book The gang and beyond: Interpreting violent street worlds, by S. Hallsworth. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 14(3), 368–370. doi: 10.1177/1748895814531866.

Non-Refereed Articles

Densley, J. & Stevens, A. (2017). Gang talk: Fact and fiction in London street gang careers. Sociology Review, 26(3), 8–10.

Hilal, S. & Densley, J. (2015). The right person for the job: Police chiefs discuss the most important commodity in law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 84(10).

Green, J. & Densley, J. (2014). Pell Grant fraud awareness: White collar crime challenges. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin83(2).

Hilal, S. & Densley, J. (2013). Higher education and local law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin82(5).

Hilal, S., & Densley, J. (2012). Is law enforcement prepared for the new normal of protest? Minnesota Police Chief, 32(4), 19–22.

Densley, J. (2012). Gangs: Cross-cultural comparisons. Minnesota Police Chief, 32(1), 17–18.

Densley, J. & Mason, N. (2011). The London riots: A gang problem? Policing Today, 17(2), 14–15.

Davis, A., & Densley, J. (2011). Life cycle. Police Review, 119(6146), 16–17.

Davis, A., & Densley, J. (2011). Gang warfare. Police Review, 119(6145), 16–17.

Densley, J. (2011). The undercover corporation. Exposition, 7, 4–8.

Mason, N., Densley, J., & Davis, A. (2011). Children killing children. Policing Today, 17(1), 15–17.

Densley, J., & Mason, N. (2010). Growing against gangs. Pennant153(1), 31–2.


Densley, J. (2011). Under the hood: The mechanics of London’s street gangs (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Oxford, UK.